How to write an introduction for a research paper? Coming up with research paper topics is one of the most crucial aspects of the paper. It directs the person on how he is going to conduct his research. More importantly, after the research is one and everybody has all the necessary information, it is time to it down, formulate an outline, and start writing the paper. This article provides you with relevant writing research paper tips, steps and examples for your reference.
一．What is a Research Paper Introduction?
An introduction is the initial part of a research paper and the part that a reader is likely to read first (at least when focusing deeply and reading it in detail). Hence, definitions, notions, and other information required for understanding the paper are presented/listed here.
Every research paper needs context so that readers can understand why you have created it. This is exactly what you can do in your research paper introduction. Of course, this can mean that your introduction is the hardest part of an essay to write first. So, it is essential that you take your time and make sure you get it right.
The introduction of writing is going to set out your rationale, which is what research will be based around. Your readers should be able to tell what they are reading right from the beginning and whether it interests them.
It is essential that you make the beginning of your research paper interesting and engage with your readers from the first line. This will make sure that people continue to read and learn about what you have found out. You should also state a hypothesis and the way you think your work will turn out in conclusion. You must always include an introduction to your paper.
二．how to write an introduction for a research paper
Now, pay attention to the process of formulating the best research paper introductions. Remember that the introduction ushers in the topic of your research paper to the audience. As such, you are supposed to:
1.introduce the research paper topic
Your research paper introductions can start with a few sentences that announce the topic of the paper. It also indicates the kind of questions that you are going to ask in your research paper. This is an excellent way of ushering in your readers to the topic and piques their interest. The first few sentences ought to act as an indication of a broader problem on which you will narrow don later on in the paper, especially with the research questions. Scientific papers sometimes use the inverted triangle where you start with the broadest material in the beginning and narrow down on the specific.
2.you can consider referring to the keywords
If you are targeting to publish your research paper, you have to submit it with a series of keywords to give a quick indication of the areas of research that you are addressing. You may also have some keywords in your title to help you establish and emphasize your research paper introduction.
3.define key terms and concepts
You need to clarify any key terms or concepts early enough in your research paper introductions. You have to clearly express yourself throughout the paper so that you explain everything, thereby enhancing the understanding of your readers with regard to your argument. This is crucial if you are trying to develop a new conceptualization using the language and terminology that may be unfamiliar to the audience.
4.Introduce the topic through a quotation or anecdote
For those of you writing research papers in humanities or social science, you have more literary ways of writing your research paper introductions. You can introduce your research paper topic with an illustrative anecdote or quotation that relates to the topic of the research. This varies from the inverted triangle approach and can generate great interest in your paper. In a more imaginative way. It also shows that your writing style is engaging enough for the audience. When using an anecdote, keep it short and highly relevant to the research. It has to work in the same way as an alternative opening on the topic of your research. However, it might not be the best approach if you are writing the research paper introduction to a physical or natural science paper because the writing conventions may be different.
If you are using a quotation as a way to introduce your topic, ensure it captures the heart of the subject. This is excellent, especially if you are dealing with social subjects like English, history, and humanities. This will create a picture in the minds of the audience, and they are likely to remember this even as they go through your work. Depending on the nature of your research paper, it could also be a striking statistic.
三．research paper Introduction example
Prompt:The title of this essay is:Why Mars Should Be The Sole Focus Of Astronomical Research For The Next 10 Years.
Mars is the fourth planet from the sun and is easily visible from Earth. In the evening it can be spotted high in the sky and appears to look reddish in colour due to oxidation of iron in the rocks on its surface. Mars has a radius of 3390 kilometres and is about half the size of Earth (Mars Britannica School, 2019; NASA Science, 2019). It shares many similarities with Earth including its rotation of the sun (23.9 hours in duration), year length (687 Earth days) and its axis of rotation (25 degrees) (Mars Britannica School, 2019; NASA Science, 2019). Due to the above factors, it has been a source of great interest to astronomers and the general public.
Since 1960, Mars has been observed during space explorations. The surface, interior, geology and atmosphere on Mars is currently being investigated by a team of NASA’s spacecrafts, (Mars Britannica School, 2019; NASA Science, 2019). Research has indicated that Mars has a central core, rocky mantle and a solid crust and is regularly hit by dust storms, which have changed its landscape over billions of years. Mars has the largest volcano in the solar system and a massive Martian canyon system (Mars Britannica School, 2019; NASA Science, 2019). Recent astronomical research has also discovered that Mars once had liquid water and experienced a huge flood billions of years ago (NASA Science, 2019). The atmosphere on Mars, composed of mostly carbon dioxide, nitrogen and argon gases, is thin and unprotected from the sun’s radiation, which also leads to temperatures falling to -153 degrees Celsius (Mars Britannica School, 2019; NASA Science, 2019). Scientists are currently looking for signs of life which may have existed many years ago.
There are more arguments for than against that Mars should be the sole focus of astronomical research for the next 5-10 years. Over many decades, there have been more than 40 space craft attempts made to observe Mars (Phys.org, 2012). The main points are that Mars is close to Earth, it shares many similarities with Earth, it may have had life and be possible for future colonisation by humans.
Mars is close to and similar to Earth
Mars is often called Earth’s twin planet, due to its proximity and many similarities. It is important to discover as much as possible about Mars, as Earth is currently experiencing great variations due to climate change and Mars may provide answers from its history of water sources evaporating (Nature, 2018). Now that traces of water and dry river beds have been observed by the Rover, this important information may be used by scientists to search for new water sources on Earth (Atmosphere, 2017; NASA, 2019; Nature, 2018).
Mars may have life and may be able to be colonised by humans in the future
Recent explorations of Mars have indicated that it once had liquid water, which is required for life billions of years ago. NASA continues to search for signs of life that may have existed. If the Earth continues to be damaged by climate change, humans may one day have to find another planet to colonise. At the moment Mars is inhabitable to humans, due to its atmosphere, high levels of radiation from the sun, lack of liquid water and average temperature. If Mars became the sole focus for astronomical research for the next 5 to 10 years, scientists may well discover safe ways for humans to visit through the development of specialised spacecraft, robotics and environmental recycling technology. With concentrated research, scientist may identify a way for humans to visit and live on Mars, in artificial habitats, which could continue the survival of the human race, if a disaster was to happen to Earth (Grady, M., 2015; Walter, M, 2019; Carberry, C & Webster, J, 2017).
最近對火星的探索表明，火星上曾經有液態水，這是數十億年前生命存在所必需的。美國宇航局繼續尋找可能存在的生命跡象。如果地球繼續受到氣候變化的破壞，人類有一天可能不得不尋找另一個星球來殖民。目前火星適合人類居住，因為它的大氣層、來自太陽的高輻射、缺乏液態水和平均溫度。如果火星成為未來5到10年天文學研究的唯一焦點，科學家們很可能通過開發專門的航天器、機器人和環境回收技術，發現人類訪問火星的安全方式。隨著研究的集中，科學家可能會找到一種方式，讓人類訪問和生活在火星上，在人工棲息地，可以繼續人類的生存，如果地球發生災難(Grady, M.， 2015;沃爾特,M, 2019;Carberry, C & Webster, J, 2017)。
Reasons against Mars being the sole astronomical focus for the next 5 to 10 years
Mars is only one planets and part of a much wider solar system. If all of the funding is directed at one planet, a decade may not be long enough to provide the answers humans are seeking about life beyond Earth and whether humans are the only living creatures in our solar systems. Apart from this, is it necessary to spend billions of dollars on space exploration at all, when there are many people on Earth already struggling with poverty, health care, lack of education and lack of basic human rights? (Orwig, J, 2015)
The claim that Mars should be the sole focus of astronomical research for the next 5-10 years has been supported by the above evidence in its favour. Research papers clearly show that due to the proximity to Earth, similarities shared with Earth and the problem of climate change on Earth, it would be of great benefit to focus on Mars for humans now and in the future (Grady, M., 2015; Walter, M, 2019; Carberry, C & Webster, J, 2017). If humans are one day able to reach Mars safely, overcome the current uninhabitable conditions and begin colonisation, humans will not only have achieved successful life on Earth but also on another planet, leading to the expansion of humanity (Grady, M., 2015; Walter, M, 2019; Carberry, C & Webster, J, 2017). With the expansion of humanity, would come further discoveries and technological advancements. A small direction of money away from some of the problems humans are facing now, could bring great benefit to future generations and this is a risk worth taking according to the recent research available.
Consider the introduction to research paper as the first thing the audience will see, hear, or experience about the entire project. The introduction should usher the audience on the topic you will discuss as we as your thesis statement. Writing the research paper introduction can be one of the most daunting tasks in the entire process. The length of your research paper introduction will vary depending on the type of research paper that you are writing. The audience needs to understand the context and the rationale of the work through the introduction.
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